The Causes and Signs of a Thyroid Cyst

The Causes and Signs of a Thyroid Cyst

Known as the master gland of the body, the thyroid gland is quite small and butterfly shaped. It can be found in the neck, at the front of the trachea and is right below the Adam’s apple. It is the function of the thyroid gland to product metabolism regulating hormones, known commonly as T3 and T4. These hormones do not only regulate the metabolism, but also is responsible for growth.

Unfortunately, there are several problems that might appear in the thyroid gland that can affect its rate of hormone release. Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone and can result in a very high metabolism, rapid heartbeat, and elevated body temperatures. This condition is most commonly found in women, but can also effect men. There is also hypothyroidism, which is when the thyroid does not release enough hormones. The result of this is obesity and stunted growth.

Causes and Signs of a Thyroid Cyst

Causes and Signs of a Thyroid Cyst

There is another complication of the thyroid known as thyroid cysts. These cysts are fluid filled sacs on the thyroid gland. However, a thyroid cyst is not always a serious condition. A person can live for many years without even knowing that they have a thyroid cyst, This is because a thyroid cyst is usually very small, hard to detect, and does not cause any symptoms or side effects. However, there are cases where a thyroid cyst can be very large. Large thyroid cysts can cause health problems, such as difficulty breathing and talking.

The general definition of a cyst is a small bladder-like structure that is filled with gas, fluid, or a semisolid material. Cysts that are filled with a hard, solid material are called nodules, and are more dangerous than regular thyroid cysts as they are prone to be cancerous. The thyroid cyst is always found to be attached to the thyroid gland. However, they are not a part of the tissue in the area of their location.

As of yet, a thyroid cyst or nodule has no known cause. There is no explanation for their appearance or existence. However, there are some factors that have been considered possible causing agents, such as the lack of dietary iodine, autoimmune diseases, exposure to radiation in childhood, and genetics. All of these affects have been known to cause an inflammation of the thyroid gland. The chance of developing a thyroid cyst increases for women over the age of 40 and for those whose family history has a record of thyroid cysts.

The symptoms and indicators for a thyroid cyst are dependent on the size of the cyst. Those who have thyroid cysts which are smaller than 3mm in diameter can go virtually undetected, nether been seen or having symptoms. The only way that such cysts are detected is through the thorough examination by a physician. However, the larger the thyroid cyst becomes the greater visibility and symptoms it displays. A large cyst can be very discomforting.

When a physician detects a thyroid cyst, they will test it by extracting fluid from it using a needle. This procedure is called aspiration. The fluid is then sent to the laboratory for analyzing. This test is to detect if there are any cancerous cells present. If indeed cancer is detected, the patient must undergo immediate surgery.

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